Operational Insights for Containers and Containerized Applications

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The increasing adoption of containerized applications and microservices also brings an increased burden for monitoring and management. Builders have an expectation of, and requirement for, the same level of monitoring as would be used with longer lived infrastructure such as Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) instances. By contrast containers are relatively short-lived, and usually subject to continuous deployment. This can make it difficult to reliably collect monitoring data and to analyze performance or other issues, which in turn affects remediation time. In addition builders have to resort to a disparate collection of tools to perform this analysis and inspection, manually correlating context across a set of infrastructure and application metrics, logs, and other traces.

Announcing general availability of Amazon CloudWatch Container Insights
At the AWS Summit in New York this past July, Amazon CloudWatch Container Insights support for Amazon ECS and AWS Fargate was announced as an open preview for new clusters. Starting today Container Insights is generally available, with the added ability to now also monitor existing clusters. Immediate insights into compute utilization and failures for both new and existing cluster infrastructure and containerized applications can be easily obtained from container management services including Kubernetes, Amazon Elastic Container Service for Kubernetes, Amazon ECS, and AWS Fargate.

Once enabled Amazon CloudWatch discovers all of the running containers in a cluster and collects performance and operational data at every layer in the container stack. It also continuously monitors and updates as changes occur in the environment, simplifying the number of tools required to collect, monitor, act, and analyze container metrics and logs giving complete end to end visibility.

Being able to easily access this data means customers can shift focus to increased developer productivity and away from building mechanisms to curate and build dashboards.

Getting started with Amazon CloudWatch Container Insights
I can enable Container Insights by following the instructions in the documentation. Once enabled and new clusters launched, when I visit the CloudWatch console for my region I see a new option for Container Insights in the list of dashboards available to me.

Clicking this takes me to the relevant dashboard where I can select the container management service that hosts the clusters that I want to observe.

In the below image I have selected to view metrics for my ECS Clusters that are hosting a sample application I have deployed in AWS Fargate. I can examine the metrics for standard time periods such as 1 hour, 3 hours, etc but can also specify custom time periods. Here I am looking at the metrics for a custom time period of the past 15 minutes.

You can see that I can quickly gain operational oversight of the overall performance of the cluster. Clicking the cluster name takes me deeper to view the metrics for the tasks inside the cluster.

Selecting a container allows me to then dive into either AWS X-Ray traces or performance logs.

Selecting performance logs takes me to the Amazon CloudWatch Logs Insights page where I can run queries against the performance events collected for my container ecosystem (e.g., Container, Task/Pod, Cluster, etc.) that I can then use to troubleshoot and dive deeper.

Container Insights makes it easy for me to get started monitoring my containers and enables me to quickly drill down into performance metrics and log analytics without the need to build custom dashboards to curate data from multiple tools. Beyond monitoring and troubleshooting I can also use the data and dashboards Container Insights provides me to support other use cases such as capacity requirements and planning, by helping me understand compute utilization by Pod/Task, Container, and Service for example.

Availability
Amazon CloudWatch Container Insights is generally available today to customers in all public AWS regions where Amazon Elastic Container Service for Kubernetes, Kubernetes, Amazon ECS, and AWS Fargate are present.

— Steve

Careers in Cybersecurity

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Have you considered a career in Cybersecurity? It is a fast-paced, highly dynamic field with a huge number of specialties to choose from, including forensics, endpoint security, critical infrastructure, incident response, secure coding, and awareness and training. In addition, a career in cybersecurity allows you to work almost anywhere in the world, with amazing benefits and an opportunity to make a real difference. However, the most exciting thing is you do NOT need a technical background, anyone can get started.

New – Port Forwarding Using AWS System Manager Sessions Manager

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I increasingly see customers adopting the immutable infrastructure architecture pattern: they rebuild and redeploy an entire infrastructure for each update. They very rarely connect to servers over SSH or RDP to update configuration or to deploy software updates. However, when migrating existing applications to the cloud, it is common to connect to your Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) instances to perform a variety of management or operational tasks. To reduce the surface of attack, AWS recommends using a bastion host, also known as a jump host. This special purpose EC2 instance is designed to be the primary access point from the Internet and acts as a proxy to your other EC2 instances. To connect to your EC2 instance, you first SSH / RDP into the bastion host and, from there, to the destination EC2 instance.

To further reduce the surface of attack, the operational burden to manage bastion hosts and the additional costs incurred, AWS Systems Manager Session Manager allows you to securely connect to your EC2 instances, without the need to run and to operate your own bastion hosts and without the need to run SSH on your EC2 instances. When Systems Manager‘s Agent is installed on your instances and when you have IAM permissions to call Systems Manager API, you can use the AWS Management Console or the AWS Command Line Interface (CLI) to securely connect to your Linux or Windows EC2 instances.

Interactive shell on EC2 instances is not the only use case for SSH. Many customers are also using SSH tunnel to remotely access services not exposed to the public internet. SSH tunneling is a powerful but lesser known feature of SSH that alows you to to create a secure tunnel between a local host and a remote service. Let’s imagine I am running a web server for easy private file transfer between an EC2 instance and my laptop. These files are private, I do not want anybody else to access that web server, therefore I configure my web server to bind only on 127.0.0.1 and I do not add port 80 to the instance’ security group. Only local processes can access the web server. To access the web server from my laptop, I create a SSH tunnel between the my laptop and the web server, as shown below

This command tells SSH to connect to instance as user ec2-user, open port 9999 on my local laptop, and forward everything from there to localhost:80 on instance. When the tunnel is established, I can point my browser at http://localhost:9999 to connect to my private web server on port 80.

Today, we are announcing Port Forwarding for AWS Systems Manager Session Manager. Port Forwarding allows you to securely create tunnels between your instances deployed in private subnets, without the need to start the SSH service on the server, to open the SSH port in the security group or the need to use a bastion host.

Similar to SSH Tunnels, Port Forwarding allows you to forward traffic between your laptop to open ports on your instance. Once port forwarding is configured, you can connect to the local port and access the server application running inside the instance. Systems Manager Session Manager’s Port Forwarding use is controlled through IAM policies on API access and the Port Forwarding SSM Document. These are two different places where you can control who in your organisation is authorised to create tunnels.

To experiment with Port Forwarding today, you can use this CDK script to deploy a VPC with private and public subnets, and a single instance running a web server in the private subnet. The drawing below illustrates the infrastructure that I am using for this blog post.

The instance is private, it does not have a public IP address, nor a DNS name. The VPC Default Security Group does not authorise connection over SSH. The Systems Manager‘s Agent, running on your EC2 instance, must be able to communicate with the Systems Manager‘ Service Endpoint. The private subnet must therefore have a routing table to a NAT Gateway or you must configure an AWS Private Link to do so.

Let’s use Systems Manager Session Manager Port Forwarding to access the web server running on this private instance.

Before doing so, you must ensure the following prerequisites are met on the EC2 instance:

  • System Manager Agent must be installed and running (version 2.3.672.0 or more recent, see instructions for Linux or Windows). The agent is installed and started by default on Amazon Linux 1 & 2, Windows and Ubuntu AMIs provided by Amazon (see this page for the exact versions), no action is required when you are using these.
  • the EC2 instance must have an IAM role with permission to invoke Systems Manager API. For this example, I am using AmazonSSMManagedInstanceCore.

On your laptop, you must:

Once the prerequisites are met, you use the AWS Command Line Interface (CLI) to create the tunnel (assuming you started the instance using the CDK script to create your instance) :

# find the instance ID based on Tag Name
INSTANCE_ID=$(aws ec2 describe-instances 
               --filter "Name=tag:Name,Values=CodeStack/NewsBlogInstance" 
               --query "Reservations[].Instances[?State.Name == 'running'].InstanceId[]" 
               --output text)
# create the port forwarding tunnel
aws ssm start-session --target $INSTANCE_ID 
                       --document-name AWS-StartPortForwardingSession 
                       --parameters '{"portNumber":["80"],"localPortNumber":["9999"]}'

Starting session with SessionId: sst-00xxx63
Port 9999 opened for sessionId sst-00xxx63
Connection accepted for session sst-00xxx63.

You can now point your browser to port 9999 and access your private web server. Type ctrl-c to terminate the port forwarding session.

The Session Manager Port Forwarding creates a tunnel similar to SSH tunneling, as illustrated below.

Port Forwarding works for Windows and Linux instances. It is available in every public AWS region today, at no additional cost when connecting to EC2 instances, you will be charged for the outgoing bandwidth from the NAT Gateway or your VPC Private Link.

— seb

New Telemetry in PowerShell 7 Preview 3

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Beginning in PowerShell 7 Preview 3, PowerShell will be sending some additional data points to Microsoft.
This data will allow us to better understand usage of PowerShell and enable us to prioritize our future investments.
These additional points of data were reviewed with the PowerShell community and approved by the PowerShell Committee through the PowerShell RFC process.

What we added

We will continue to use Application Insights to collect the following new telemetry points:

- Count of PowerShell starts by type (API vs console)
    - Count of unique PowerShell usage
    - Count of the following execution types:
        - Application (native commands)
        - ExternalScript
        - Script
        - Function
        - Cmdlet
    - Enabled Microsoft experimental features or experimental features shipped with PowerShell
    - Count of hosted sessions
    - Microsoft owned modules loaded (based on white list)
This data will include the OS name, OS version, the PowerShell version, and the distribution channel when provided.

We will continue to share portions of our aggregated data with the PowerShell community through the
Public PowerBi report.

Why we added it

We want to make PowerShell better and believe this can be achieved by better understanding how PowerShell is being used.
Through these additional data points we will get answers backed by data to the following questions:

  • Is the PowerShell Core user-base growing?
  • How is PowerShell being used? What is the usage distribution across command types and session type?
  • How can we encourage PowerShell Core usage growth?
  • What are issues that customers are hitting in PowerShell Core?
  • What versions of PowerShell tools and services should Microsoft continue to support?
  • Which experimental features are being used and tested? Which experimental features should we invest in?
  • How can we optimize the engine size and efficiency of PowerShell for cloud scenarios?

To ensure we are getting an accurate picture of how everyone uses PowerShell, not just those most
vocal/involved in the community, we made improvements in our telemetry.
PowerShell usage telemetry will allow us to better prioritize testing, support, and investments.

Performance testing

When implementing this telemetry we took special care to ensure that there would not be a discernible performance impact.
The telemetry is collected through Application Insights and is batched and sent on a separate thread in order to reduce impact.
We also conducted tests to verify that there would not be a noticeable difference in PowerShell performance.

In order to test the performance impact of the telemetry we ran our test suite 5 times with and 5 times without the telemetry changes
and compared the average time for test completion.
The tests had a 1% difference in average completion time with the telemetry-enabled test runs actually having the faster average completion. The difference in average completion time, however, was not statistically significant.

We also tested the impact of collecting telemetry on startup time for both cold starts (first start-up of PowerShell) and warm starts (all future starts). We found that on average cold starups were .028 seconds slower with the additional telemetry while warm startups were, on average, .027 slower. The average performance impact was around 4% and all start-ups during the test runs performed faster than .6023 seconds.

How to disable

The telemetry reporting can be disabled by setting the environment variable POWERSHELL_TELEMETRY_OPTOUT to true, yes, or 1.
This should not be done in your profile, as PowerShell reads this value from your system before executing your profile.

Feedback and issues

If you encounter any issues with PowerShell telemetry, the best place to get support is through our GitHub page.

The post New Telemetry in PowerShell 7 Preview 3 appeared first on PowerShell.

PowerShell 7 Preview 3

This post was originally published on this site

PowerShell 7 Preview 3

In May, I published our PowerShell 7 Roadmap. We have been making progress on our roadmap and are currently on track to have a Generally Available (GA)
release by end of this calendar year.

Long Term Servicing

PowerShell 7 GA will also be our first Long Term Servicing (LTS) release which is a change from our current Modern Lifecycle support for PowerShell Core 6.
We will support PowerShell 7 GA for as long as .NET Core 3.1 is supported before you must upgrade to a newer version to continue to be supported by Microsoft.

Windows PowerShell compatibility

One of the main goals of PowerShell 7 is to have a viable replacement for Windows PowerShell 5.1 in production and we’ve made significant progress towards that goal.

PowerShell 7 Preview 3 is built on .NET Core 3.0 Preview 8 and leverages the work from the .NET Team to close the gap between .NET Core and .NET Framework. .NET Core 3.0 reintroduces a large number of .NET Framework APIs, opening up a large number of PowerShell modules shipped with Windows to be validated and marked as compatible by our team. Because the compatibility changes to the modules come as part of Windows, the latest version of Windows 10/Windows Server is required for full module compatibility.

However, on older versions of Windows, some modules may just work if you use:

Import-Module <moduleName> -SkipEditionCheck

If you have issues with a Microsoft PowerShell module, please open an issue in the PowerShellModuleCoverage repository!

Expect more content on this specific topic from Joey Aiello in the near future with more detail on which modules are compatible and where they’re marked as such.

New Features in Preview 3

This is just a small part of the entire changelog.
New features in this preview from the community and also the PowerShell team:

Experimental Features on by default in Preview builds

We decided to enable all Experimental Features by default in order to solicit more feedback for the PowerShell Committee to determine if a feature should continue as experimental, move from experimental to stable (non-experimental), or be withdrawn. On Stable builds (as well as Release Candidates), experimental features will continue to be disabled by default.

Note that if you had previously manually enabled experimental features, your powershell.config.jsonsettings file will take precedence and only experimental features listed within that file will be enabled. You can delete that file or run Get-ExperimentalFeature | Enable-ExperimentalFeature to ensure all experimental features are enabled. However, if you use the pipeline, you’ll have to do it again with a future Preview release that has new experimental features.

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Single Apartment Thread as default

In general, you don’t need to worry about a concept called ApartmentState which only applies to Windows.

Prior to this release pwsh would run as a multi-threaded apartment by default. However, graphical user interface (GUI) APIs such as WinForms and WPF require a single-threaded apartment. What is important here is that pwsh is now the same as powershell.exe in regards to apartment state and as such support calling WinForms and WPF APIs from PowerShell script.

gif

Display COM Method Signature Argument Names

On Windows, if you happen to call COM APIs from PowerShell, a new capability by nbkalex will now show the argument names of COM methods instead of just the type information which can be used as simple documentation indicating what arguments should be passed.

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Consider DBNull and NullString as $null

If you work with database types, you may get back a [dbnull]::Value which is equivalent to $null within the database, but in PowerShell, this was not equal to $null so you can’t compare it directly. This change from Joel Sallow allows you to compare both [dbnull]::Value and [nullstring]::Value to $null and get $true.

gif

Read-Host -Prompt works for all input

Due to how Read-Host calls into the console host and how the console host prompts for input (such as mandatory parameters that are given a value), you might encounter a situation where using Read-Host to prompt for input in your script exhibits unintended behavior when certain characters are used. This has been fixed so Read-Host will accept input as expected.

gif

Support negative numbers with -Split operator

The -Split operator splits one or more strings into substrings. You can optionally specify a value to indicate the maximum number of substrings you want returned.

This new capability by Jacob Scott now allows you to specify the maximum number of substrings as a negative value signifying that the split should happen right to left instead of the usual left to right.

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ForEach-Object -Parallel

We’ve received consistent feedback that PowerShell users use PSWorkflow primarily to easily run scriptblocks in parallel.

We’ve added a -Parallel parameter to ForEach-Object that accepts a scriptblock to execute in parallel. There is an optional -ThrottleLimit parameter to set the maximum threads to use in parallel where it defaults to 5.

gif

Resolve AppX reparse points

On Windows 10, if you have apps installed from the Windows Store and list them in the command line, they show up as 0 byte files. These files are actually a different type of link to the actual executable. With this change, the target executable will now show up when using Get-ChildItem.

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pwsh as a login shell

On Linux and macOS systems, there is a concept of a login shell which sets up the environment from which other apps and shells inherit. Prior to this release if you used pwsh as your default login shell, you may have noticed that some environment variables are missing or incomplete.

With this change, pwsh will work the same as sh Bourne Shell in how it sets up the login environment so that everything works correctly.

Additional Telemetry

In this Preview release, we’ve added more telemetry. Please see Sydney Smith‘s blog post on New Telemetry in PowerShell 7 Preview 3.

Closing

Although this blog post focuses on new features, this release also contains many bug fixes as well as targeted performance improvements.

You can always get the latest version of PowerShell from https://aka.ms/get-powershell.

Expect more new features from the community and the PowerShell team in future Preview releases!

Steve Lee
PowerShell Team

The post PowerShell 7 Preview 3 appeared first on PowerShell.

Out-GridView Returns

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Out-GridView Returns!

It’s been almost 3 years since PowerShell Core debuted for Linux and Mac, and as we’ve increased our cmdlet coverage more and more, one cmdlet has always stood out as a top, cross-platform request. Today, we are excited to announce that Out-GridView is debuting on all Core-supported platforms through the GraphicalTools Module.

Linux Windows Mac
linux-gif window-gif macos-gif

Installation

If you want to get right to it:

Install-Module Microsoft.PowerShell.GraphicalTools

Features

Out-GridView is a visualization tool to help you deep dive into objects returned from PowerShell.

Out-GridViewImage Piping Get-Process into Out-GridView

Quick Search

Easily locate data points matching a query.

Filters

Display specific data matching only selected filters. Supports common string comparison operators, such as contains, equals, starts with, etc..

DataGrid

Rearrange, sort, and select columns to display. Auto-generates object columns based on the PowerShell format type data, expands PSObject properties if no format definition is available.

PassThru

One of the most powerful features, the -PassThru parameter lets you use the GUI to select data to send further down the pipeline.

Get-Process | Out-GridView -PassThru | Stop-Process

If you were so inclined the above script uses -PassThru to create a pretty effective emulation of Windows Task Manger.

Show Code

Sometimes, you need to automate infrequent but complex tasks where filters may be error-prone. Out-GridView can be used as a filtering tool for these cases to ensure that your filters will produce the output you expect.

Occasionally, you end up needing to repeat this automation and so it would be useful to port your existing Out-GridView workflow to a script.

Pressing the “Show-Code” button will do this for you. It will generate a PowerShell filtering script that is ready for production.

Out-GridViewImage Using Show Code to find a specific instance of VSCode

Examples of Out-GridView

The Future

We are looking for a community member to help port Show-Command and Show-Object. Check out the repository and post in the issue tracking Show-Command if you’re interested.

With the majority of the brunt work integrating PowerShell & Avalonia done, we are also open to submissions for new graphical commands or packages. A huge thanks to Adam Driscoll for showing the potential of Avalonia + PowerShell with PSAvalonia.

Lastly, check out the great work AvaloniaUI is doing for cross-platform, .NET Core-based GUIs if you haven’t already.


John Zeiders
Software Engineering Intern
PowerShell Team

The post Out-GridView Returns appeared first on PowerShell.

VMware 4.1 a 5.5 HP Proliant 350 g5

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Thank you very much for reading my concern, I am taking a project from a company that has a team 8 years ago, HP Proliant 350 g5 and have VMware ESXi 4.1.0-260247 installed, we need to install Windows Server 2016, but with this release we cannot install , we have an original license but for 8 years, a new one must be purchased to be able to install updates, this HP Proliant is supported by the next updates, as far as I can update 5.1, 5.5 ??? thank you very much for your help?

 

There is some risk when updating, all the commercial infrastructure of the company is there in those virtual machines.?.Thank.

Cheat Sheet Microsoft MS-201 Questions Bank – Shortcut To Success

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Pass Microsoft MS-201 Exam – A Guaranteed Way Towards Bright Career!

Are you Passionate about Gearing up your Career through Microsoft Messaging Administrator Associate MS-201 Exam? Have you decided to take Microsoft MS-201 exam for successfully attaining Messaging Administrator Associate certification? If yes, then quickly grab the TestsChamp product, Messaging Administrator Associate certification for effective preparation material of Implementing a Hybrid and Secure Messaging Platform exam. Microsoft  certification is technically designed for all those Implementing a Hybrid and Secure Messaging Platform exam aspirants who desire to achieve an outstanding score in the first attempt. As we know that there are few or almost none of the companies that offer products with such a claim but TestsChamp, Messaging Administrator Associate certification does. It will ensure to prepare Implementing a Hybrid and Secure Messaging Platform exam candidate for outshining in Microsoft MS-201 exam questions.

As TestsChamp understands the importance of Microsoft MS-201 exam for you and your career, therefore the company has introduced Messaging Administrator Associate certification for Microsoft MS-201 exam preparation material. Microsoft Messaging Administrator Associate certification is developed in the best possible manner incorporating effective mock tests for its users. Messaging Administrator Associate certification emanates multiple benefits to its users for Implementing a Hybrid and Secure Messaging Platform exam preparation material. Some of the positive features of Microsoft  certification are mentioned below:

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Microsoft MS-201 Exam Questions for Guaranteed Success:

Since the Microsoft MS-201 exam continuously updates its syllabus and content, therefore, it is important to prepare with Microsoft updated content and outline. If you are planning on preparing for MS-201 exam questions with some other random resource, they may not be able to provide you with all content updates related to Implementing a Hybrid and Secure Messaging Platform exam as TestsChamp Messaging Administrator Associate certification does. TestsChamp has not only aimed to design Messaging Administrator Associate certification for once but also keeps on ensuring that Microsoft MS-201 practice exam questions in mock tests of Messaging Administrator Associate certification are similar to Implementing a Hybrid and Secure Messaging Platform exam updated pattern.

In this manner, it will assist Microsoft Messaging Administrator Associate certification users to get familiarized with the updated content of the Microsoft MS-201 exam questions. Otherwise, the appearance of new or unknown questions in the Implementing a Hybrid and Secure Messaging Platform exam will generate a lack of confidence in the candidates. Consequently, the candidate will get a bad result in the Microsoft MS-201 exam. TestsChamp has a system of revising the practice content following Implementing a Hybrid and Secure Messaging Platform exam content. Henceforth, Messaging Administrator Associate certification is advised for Implementing a Hybrid and Secure Messaging Platform exam applicants because their effort in the right direction is the key to success. It does not want its users to waste time on learning the concepts which are not used in the updated Microsoft  MS-201 practice exam material.

Microsoft MS-201 Exam Advice – Right Preparation Method

There are plenty of Microsoft MS-201 exam preparatory material and numerous study resources available on the internet. Most of them assert to prepare you for Implementing a Hybrid and Secure Messaging Platform exam but the reality is that the content they offer is usually not reliable and credible in terms of knowledge enhancement. Moreover, the smart study is required for Microsoft MS-201 exam preparation material that is rarely offered by such resources. For smart preparation material of Implementing a Hybrid and Secure Messaging Platform, exam and knowledge enhancement following it, Messaging Administrator Associate certification should be your choice because it is developed under the supervision of 90,000 professionals who are associated with Microsoft Implementing a Hybrid and Secure Messaging Platform exam and Microsoft [CER_NAME] certification. Thus, it is not wrong to claim that  certification is well equipped with practice sessions that will provide the boosting of Implementing a Hybrid and Secure Messaging Platform exam concepts, theories, and strategies.

Here are a few General Guidelines to Help You Get Prepare Microsoft  MS-201 Exam:

In general, for any Microsoft MS-201 exam and its preparation material, it is essential to know the particular guidelines of it. Ignoring the guidelines for an exam may lead to failure. It can be also witnessed that the Microsoft MS-201 exam aspirants undermine the importance of MS-201 exam questions and at other times, the candidates are unaware of proper guidelines. Both these cases lead to poor score generation failing. You, as an Microsoft Implementing a Hybrid and Secure Messaging Platform exam aspirant, definitely want to know proper guidelines for excelling in the Microsoft MS-201 exam.

To understand all the guidelines, it is imperative to choose a resource that escorts you to the appropriate track for Implementing a Hybrid and Secure Messaging Platform exam success. So, what are you waiting for? Pick Messaging Administrator Associate certification offered by TestsChamp for comprehensive guidelines to Implementing a Hybrid and Secure Messaging Platform exam preparation material. It encompasses the entire Do’s and Does not’s required by MS-201 exam questions. While preparing through Messaging Administrator Associate certification, the candidate is familiarized with smart strategies and learns to avoid the pitfalls of the Implementing a Hybrid and Secure Messaging Platform exam questions.

 

100% Passing Guarantee With Microsoft MS-201 Exam Preparation Material:

TestsChamp Microsoft Messaging Administrator Associate certification guarantees its user to break through MS-201 exam questions in the first attempt of Implementing a Hybrid and Secure Messaging Platform exam with an exceptional score. In addition to it, TestsChamp is confident about Messaging Administrator Associate certification hence, it claims to refund your money if you fail Microsoft MS-201 in the first attempt. Hence, when you are choosing to prepare with Messaging Administrator Associate certification for MS-201 exam, you are making a wise choice of investing your money rightly. TestsChamp is confident about your outshining result in Implementing a Hybrid and Secure Messaging Platform exam; however, the user of Messaging Administrator Associate certification is expected to sincerely put his/her efforts to their fullest. Other terms and conditions may apply for a money-back guarantee.

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Mock Test CompTIA 220-1002 Exam Questions – Pass With Money-Back Guarantee

This post was originally published on this site

Pass CompTIA 220-1002 Exam – A Guaranteed Way Towards Bright Career!

Are you Passionate about Gearing up your Career through CompTIA A+ 220-1002 Exam? Have you decided to take CompTIA 220-1002 exam for successfully attaining CompTIA A+ certification? If yes, then quickly grab the TestsChamp product, CompTIA A+ certification for effective preparation material of CompTIA A+ Core 2 exam. CompTIA certification is technically designed for all those CompTIA A+ Core 2 exam aspirants who desire to achieve an outstanding score in the first attempt. As we know that there are few or almost none of the companies that offer products with such a claim but TestsChamp, CompTIA A+ certification does. It will ensure to prepare CompTIA A+ Core 2 exam candidate for outshining in CompTIA 220-1002 exam questions.

As TestsChamp understands the importance of CompTIA 220-1002 exam for you and your career, therefore the company has introduced CompTIA A+ certification for CompTIA 220-1002 exam preparation material. CompTIA A+ certification is developed in the best possible manner incorporating effective mock tests for its users. CompTIA A+ certification emanates multiple benefits to its users for CompTIA A+ Core 2 exam preparation material. Some of the positive features of CompTIA certification are mentioned below:

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CompTIA 220-1002 Exam Questions for Guaranteed Success:

Since the CompTIA 220-1002 exam continuously updates its syllabus and content, therefore, it is important to prepare with CompTIA updated content and outline. If you are planning on preparing for 220-1002 exam questions with some other random resource, they may not be able to provide you with all content updates related to CompTIA A+ Core 2 exam as TestsChamp CompTIA A+ certification does. TestsChamp has not only aimed to design CompTIA A+ certification for once but also keeps on ensuring that CompTIA 220-1002 practice exam questions in mock tests of CompTIA A+ certification are similar to CompTIA A+ Core 2 exam updated pattern.

In this manner, it will assist CompTIA A+ certification users to get familiarized with the updated content of the CompTIA 220-1002 exam questions. Otherwise, the appearance of new or unknown questions in the CompTIA A+ Core 2 exam will generate a lack of confidence in the candidates. Consequently, the candidate will get a bad result in the CompTIA 220-1002 exam. TestsChamp has a system of revising the practice content following CompTIA A+ Core 2 exam content. Henceforth, CompTIA A+ certification is advised for CompTIA A+ Core 2 exam applicants because their effort in the right direction is the key to success. It does not want its users to waste time on learning the concepts which are not used in the updated CompTIA 220-1002 practice exam material.

CompTIA 220-1002 Exam Advice – Right Preparation Method

There are plenty of CompTIA 220-1002 exam preparatory material and numerous study resources available on the internet. Most of them assert to prepare you for CompTIA A+ Core 2 exam but the reality is that the content they offer is usually not reliable and credible in terms of knowledge enhancement. Moreover, the smart study is required for CompTIA 220-1002 exam preparation material that is rarely offered by such resources. For smart preparation material of CompTIA A+ Core 2, exam and knowledge enhancement following it, CompTIA A+ certification should be your choice because it is developed under the supervision of 90,000 professionals who are associated with CompTIA A+ Core 2 exam and CompTIA [CER_NAME] certification. Thus, it is not wrong to claim that certification is well equipped with practice sessions that will provide the boosting of CompTIA A+ Core 2 exam concepts, theories, and strategies.

Here are a few General Guidelines to Help You Get Prepare CompTIA 220-1002 Exam:

In general, for any CompTIA 220-1002 exam and its preparation material, it is essential to know the particular guidelines of it. Ignoring the guidelines for an exam may lead to failure. It can be also witnessed that the CompTIA 220-1002 exam aspirants undermine the importance of 220-1002 exam questions and at other times, the candidates are unaware of proper guidelines. Both these cases lead to poor score generation failing. You, as an CompTIA A+ Core 2 exam aspirant, definitely want to know proper guidelines for excelling in the CompTIA 220-1002 exam.

To understand all the guidelines, it is imperative to choose a resource that escorts you to the appropriate track for CompTIA A+ Core 2 exam success. So, what are you waiting for? Pick CompTIA A+ certification offered by TestsChamp for comprehensive guidelines to CompTIA A+ Core 2 exam preparation material. It encompasses the entire Do’s and Does not’s required by 220-1002 exam questions. While preparing through CompTIA A+ certification, the candidate is familiarized with smart strategies and learns to avoid the pitfalls of the CompTIA A+ Core 2 exam questions.

 

100% Passing Guarantee With CompTIA 220-1002 Exam Preparation Material:

TestsChamp CompTIA A+ certification guarantees its user to break through 220-1002 exam questions in the first attempt of CompTIA A+ Core 2 exam with an exceptional score. In addition to it, TestsChamp is confident about CompTIA A+ certification hence, it claims to refund your money if you fail CompTIA 220-1002 in the first attempt. Hence, when you are choosing to prepare with CompTIA A+ certification for 220-1002 exam, you are making a wise choice of investing your money rightly. TestsChamp is confident about your outshining result in CompTIA A+ Core 2 exam; however, the user of CompTIA A+ certification is expected to sincerely put his/her efforts to their fullest. Other terms and conditions may apply for a money-back guarantee.

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DSC Resource Kit Release July 2019

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We just released the DSC Resource Kit!

This release includes updates to 11 DSC resource modules. In the past 6 weeks, 96 pull requests have been merged and 45 issues have been closed, all thanks to our amazing community!

The modules updated in this release are:

  • ActiveDirectoryDsc
  • ActiveDirectoryCSDsc
  • ComputerManagementDsc
  • SecurityPolicyDsc
  • SharePointDsc
  • SqlServerDsc
  • StorageDsc
  • xDnsServer
  • xExchange
  • xPSDesiredStateConfiguration
  • xWebAdministration

For a detailed list of the resource modules and fixes in this release, see the Included in this Release section below.

Our latest community call for the DSC Resource Kit was last Wednesday, July 31. A recording of the call is posted on the PowerShell YouTube channel. You can join us for the next call at 12PM (Pacific time) on August 28th to ask questions and give feedback about your experience with the DSC Resource Kit.

The next DSC Resource Kit release will be on Wednesday, September 8.

We strongly encourage you to update to the newest version of all modules using the PowerShell Gallery, and don’t forget to give us your feedback in the comments below, on GitHub, or on Twitter (@PowerShell_Team)!

Please see our documentation here for information on the support of these resource modules.

Included in this Release

You can see a detailed summary of all changes included in this release in the table below. For past release notes, go to the README.md or CHANGELOG.md file on the GitHub repository page for a specific module (see the How to Find DSC Resource Modules on GitHub section below for details on finding the GitHub page for a specific module).

Module Name Version Release Notes
ActiveDirectoryCSDsc 4.0.0.0
  • BREAKING CHANGE: ActiveDirectoryCSDsc module minimum requirements updated to WMF 5.0 because newly added AdcsCertificateAuthoritySettings resource requires WMF 5.0.
  • Added new resource AdcsCertificateAuthoritySettings – see Issue 13.
  • Added new resource AdcsTemplate.
  • Replaced switch blocks with if blocks for evaluating “Ensure” parameter because switch was missing break – fixes Issue 87.
  • Added Comment Based Help for New-NotImplementedException common function.
  • Moved code to create the user account for use in integration test into a CommonTestHelper.psm1 function.
  • Removed user account creation code from AppVeyor.yml and into integration tests themselves to make tests execution easier.
  • Updated user account creation code to use local user/group management Powershell cmdlets available in WMF 5.1 – fixes Issue 24.
  • AdcsCertificationAuthority:
    • Integration tests updated to create test user account in administrators group to make test execution easier.
ActiveDirectoryDsc 4.0.0.0
    The change log length exceeds the allowable limit for PowerShell Gallery. For detailed information about the changes to each resource, see the changelog.md file in the GitHub repo.

  • Changes to ActiveDirectoryDsc
  • Changes to ADManagedServiceAccount
  • Changes to ADComputer
  • Changes to ADOrganizationalUnit
  • Changes to ADUser
  • Changes to ADDomain
  • Changes to ADServicePrincipalName
  • Changes to ADDomainTrust
  • Changes to WaitForADDomain
  • Changes to ADDomainController
  • Changes to ADObjectPermissionEntry
  • Changes to ADGroup
  • Changes to ADDomainDefaultPasswordPolicy
ComputerManagementDsc 6.5.0.0
  • Computer:
    • Fix for “directory service is busy” error when joining a domain and renaming a computer when JoinOU is specified – Fixes Issue 221.
  • Added new resource SmbShare
    • Moved and improved from deprecated module xSmbShare.
  • Changes to ComputerManagementDsc.Common
    • Updated Test-DscParameterState so it now can compare zero item collections (arrays).
  • Changes to WindowsEventLog
    • Minor style guideline cleanup.
  • Opt-in to common test to validate localization. Fixed localization strings in resources – Fixes Issue 217.
  • PowerShellExecutionPolicy:
    • Removed SupportsShouldProcess as it cannot be used with DSC – Fixes Issue 219.
  • Combined all ComputerManagementDsc.ResourceHelper module functions into ComputerManagementDsc.Common module – Fixes Issue 218.
    • Minor code cleanup against style guideline.
    • Remove code from New-InvalidOperationException because it was a code path that could never could be used due to the parameter validation preventing the helper function being called that way.
    • Updated all Get-LocalizationData to latest version from DSCResource.Template.
    • Fixed an issue with the helper function Test-IsNanoServer that prevented it to work. Though the helper function is not used, so this issue was not caught until now when unit tests was added.
    • Improved code coverage.
SecurityPolicyDsc 2.9.0.0
  • Bug fix – Max password age fails when setting to 0. Fixes Issue 121
  • Bug fix – Domain_controller_LDAP_server_signing_requirements – Require Signing. Fixes Issue 122
  • Bug fix – Network_security_Restrict_NTLM security options correct parameter validation. This fix could impact your systems.
SqlServerDsc 13.1.0.0
  • Changes to SqlServerDsc
    • New DSC resource SqlAgentFailsafe
    • New DSC resource SqlDatabaseUser (issue 846).
      • Adds ability to create database users with more fine-grained control, e.g. re-mapping of orphaned logins or a different login. Supports creating a user with or without login name, and database users mapped to a certificate or asymmetric key.
    • Changes to helper function Invoke-Query
      • Fixes issues in issue 1355.
      • Works together with Connect-SQL now.
      • Parameters now match that of Connect-SQL (issue 1392).
      • Can now pass in credentials.
      • Can now pass in “Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Server” object.
      • Can also pipe in “Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Server” object.
      • Can pipe Connect-SQL
StorageDsc 4.7.0.0
  • Removed suppression of PSUseShouldProcessForStateChangingFunctions PSSA rule because it is no longer required.
  • Combined all StorageDsc.ResourceHelper module functions into StorageDsc.Common module and removed StorageDsc.ResourceHelper.
  • Opted into Common Tests “Common Tests – Validate Localization” – fixes Issue 206.
  • Refactored tests for StorageDsc.Common to meet latest standards.
  • Minor style corrections.
  • Removed unused localization strings from resources.
  • DiskAccessPath:
    • Added function to force refresh of disk subsystem at the start of Set-TargetResource to prevent errors occuring when the disk access path is already assigned – See Issue 121
xDnsServer 1.14.0.0
  • Copied enhancements to Test-DscParameterState from NetworkingDsc
  • Put the helper module to its own folder
  • Copied enhancements to Test-DscParameterState from NetworkingDsc
  • Put the helper module to its own folder
  • Added xDnsServerRootHint resource
  • Added xDnsServerClientSubnet resource
  • Added xDnsServerZoneScope resource
xExchange 1.28.0.0
  • Added MSFT_xExchFrontendTransportService resource, based on MSFT_xExchTransportService resource. Issue 283
  • Added unit and integration tests to the MSFT_xExchFrontendTransportService resource.
  • Added comment based help to the MSFT_xExchFrontendTransportService resource.
  • Minor style fix in MSFT_xExchEcpVirtualDirectory to ensure new PowerShell Script Analyzer custom rules pass.
xPSDesiredStateConfiguration 8.9.0.0
  • MSFT_xRemoteFile:
    • Add a retry mechanism when the download fails.
  • Fixes 631, typo in SQL connection string property name
xWebAdministration 2.7.0.0
  • Changes to xWebAdministration
    • Opt-in to the following DSC Resource Common Meta Tests:
      • Common Tests – Relative Path Length
      • Common Tests – Validate Script Files
      • Common Tests – Validate Module Files
      • Common Tests – Validate Markdown Files
      • Common Tests – Validate Markdown Links
      • Common Tests – Custom Script Analyzer Rules
      • Common Tests – Flagged Script Analyzer Rules
      • Common Tests – Required Script Analyzer Rules
      • Common Tests – Validate Example Files
    • Add ConfigurationPath to xIisMimeTypeMapping examples since it is now a required field.

How to Find Released DSC Resource Modules

To see a list of all released DSC Resource Kit modules, go to the PowerShell Gallery and display all modules tagged as DSCResourceKit. You can also enter a module’s name in the search box in the upper right corner of the PowerShell Gallery to find a specific module.

Of course, you can also always use PowerShellGet (available starting in WMF 5.0) to find modules with DSC Resources:

# To list all modules that tagged as DSCResourceKit
Find-Module -Tag DSCResourceKit 
# To list all DSC resources from all sources 
Find-DscResource

Please note only those modules released by the PowerShell Team are currently considered part of the ‘DSC Resource Kit’ regardless of the presence of the ‘DSC Resource Kit’ tag in the PowerShell Gallery.

To find a specific module, go directly to its URL on the PowerShell Gallery:
http://www.powershellgallery.com/packages/< module name >
For example:
http://www.powershellgallery.com/packages/xWebAdministration

How to Install DSC Resource Modules From the PowerShell Gallery

We recommend that you use PowerShellGet to install DSC resource modules:

Install-Module -Name < module name >

For example:

Install-Module -Name xWebAdministration

To update all previously installed modules at once, open an elevated PowerShell prompt and use this command:

Update-Module

After installing modules, you can discover all DSC resources available to your local system with this command:

Get-DscResource

How to Find DSC Resource Modules on GitHub

All resource modules in the DSC Resource Kit are available open-source on GitHub.
You can see the most recent state of a resource module by visiting its GitHub page at:
https://github.com/PowerShell/< module name >
For example, for the CertificateDsc module, go to:
https://github.com/PowerShell/CertificateDsc.

All DSC modules are also listed as submodules of the DscResources repository in the DscResources folder and the xDscResources folder.

How to Contribute

You are more than welcome to contribute to the development of the DSC Resource Kit! There are several different ways you can help. You can create new DSC resources or modules, add test automation, improve documentation, fix existing issues, or open new ones.
See our contributing guide for more info on how to become a DSC Resource Kit contributor.

If you would like to help, please take a look at the list of open issues for the DscResources repository.
You can also check issues for specific resource modules by going to:
https://github.com/PowerShell/< module name >/issues
For example:
https://github.com/PowerShell/xPSDesiredStateConfiguration/issues

Your help in developing the DSC Resource Kit is invaluable to us!

Questions, comments?

If you’re looking into using PowerShell DSC, have questions or issues with a current resource, or would like a new resource, let us know in the comments below, on Twitter (@PowerShell_Team), or by creating an issue on GitHub.

Michael Greene
Principal Program Manager
PowerShell DSC Team
@migreene (Twitter)
@mgreenegit (GitHub)

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