New – RISC-V Support in the FreeRTOS Kernel

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FreeRTOS is a popular operating system designed for small, simple processors often known as microcontrollers. It is available under the MIT open source license and runs on many different Instruction Set Architectures (ISAs). Amazon FreeRTOS extends FreeRTOS with a collection of IoT-oriented libraries that provide additional networking and security features including support for Bluetooth Low Energy, Over-the-Air Updates, and Wi-Fi.

RISC-V is a free and open ISA that was designed to be simple, extensible, and easy to implement. The simplicity of the RISC-V model, coupled with its permissive BSD license, makes it ideal for a wide variety of processors, including low-cost microcontrollers that can be manufactured without incurring license costs. The RISC-V model can be implemented in many different ways, as you can see from the RISC-V cores page. Development tools, including simulators, compilers, and debuggers, are also available.

Today I am happy to announce that we are now providing RISC-V support in the FreeRTOS kernel. The kernel supports the RISC-V I profile (RV32I and RV64I) and can be extended to support any RISC-V microcontroller. It includes preconfigured examples for the OpenISA VEGAboard, QEMU emulator for SiFive’s HiFive board, and Antmicro’s Renode emulator for the Microchip M2GL025 Creative Board.

You now have a powerful new option for building smart devices that are more cost-effective than ever before!

Jeff;

 

DSC Resource Kit Release February 2019

This post was originally published on this site

We just released the DSC Resource Kit!

This release includes updates to 14 DSC resource modules. In the past 6 weeks, 126 pull requests have been merged and 102 issues have been closed, all thanks to our amazing community!

The modules updated in this release are:

  • ActiveDirectoryCSDsc
  • CertificateDsc
  • ComputerManagementDsc
  • DFSDsc
  • NetworkingDsc
  • PSDscResources
  • SharePointDsc
  • SqlServerDsc
  • StorageDsc
  • xActiveDirectory
  • xExchange
  • xHyper-V
  • xPSDesiredStateConfiguration
  • xWebAdministration

For a detailed list of the resource modules and fixes in this release, see the Included in this Release section below.

Our latest community call for the DSC Resource Kit was last Wednesday, February 13. We were not able to record the call this time, apologies. We will fix this for the next call. You can join us for the next call at 12PM (Pacific time) on March 27 to ask questions and give feedback about your experience with the DSC Resource Kit.

The next DSC Resource Kit release will be on Wednesday, April 3.

We strongly encourage you to update to the newest version of all modules using the PowerShell Gallery, and don’t forget to give us your feedback in the comments below, on GitHub, or on Twitter (@PowerShell_Team)!

Please see our documentation here for information on the support of these resource modules.

Included in this Release

You can see a detailed summary of all changes included in this release in the table below. For past release notes, go to the README.md or CHANGELOG.md file on the GitHub repository page for a specific module (see the How to Find DSC Resource Modules on GitHub section below for details on finding the GitHub page for a specific module).

Module Name Version Release Notes
ActiveDirectoryCSDsc 3.2.0.0
  • Added “DscResourcesToExport” to manifest to improve information in PowerShell Gallery – fixes Issue 68.
  • Removed unused CAType variables and references in AdcsOnlineResponder – fixes issue 52.
  • Updated Examples to enable publising to PowerShell Gallery – fixes issue 54.
  • Cleaned up property alignment in module manifest file.
  • Added new resource AdcsOcspExtension – see Issue 70.
    • Added new ActiveDirectoryCSDsc.CommonHelper.psm1 helper module and unit test.
    • Added stub function to /Tests/TestHelpers (ADCSStub.psm1) so Pester tests can run without having to install ADCSAdministration module.
  • Converted module to auto-documentation Wiki – fixes Issue 53.
  • Enabled Example publishing to PSGallery.
  • Moved change log to CHANGELOG.MD.
  • Opted into Common Tests “Validate Example Files To Be Published”, “Validate Markdown Links” and “Relative Path Length”.
  • Correct AppVeyor Invoke-AppveyorAfterTestTask – fixes Issue 73.
CertificateDsc 4.4.0.0
  • Minor style corrections from PR for Issue 161 that were missed.
  • Opt-in to Example publishing to PowerShell Gallery – fixes Issue 177.
  • Changed Test-CertificateAuthority to return the template name if it finds the display name of the template in the certificate -fixes Issue 147.
ComputerManagementDsc 6.2.0.0
  • WindowsEventLog:
    • Migrated the xWinEventLog from xWinEventLog and renamed to WindowsEventLog.
    • Moved strings in localization file.
    • LogMode is now set with Limit-EventLog,
    • Fixes Issue 18.
DFSDsc 4.3.0.0
  • Fixes PSSA style violation issues resulting – fixes Issue 84.
  • Added “DscResourcesToExport” to manifest to improve information in PowerShell Gallery – fixes Issue 86.
  • Set FunctionsToExport, CmdletsToExport, VariablesToExport, AliasesToExport to empty list in manifest to meet best practice.
  • Explicitly removed extra hidden files from release package
NetworkingDsc 7.0.0.0
  • Refactored module folder structure to move resource to root folder of repository and remove test harness – fixes Issue 372.
  • Removed module conflict tests because only required for harness style modules.
  • Opted into Common Tests “Validate Example Files To Be Published”, “Validate Markdown Links” and “Relative Path Length”.
  • Added “DscResourcesToExport” to manifest to improve information in PowerShell Gallery and removed wildcards from “FunctionsToExport”, “CmdletsToExport”, “VariablesToExport” and “AliasesToExport” – fixes Issue 376.
  • MSFT_NetIPInterface:
    • Added Dhcp, WeakHostReceive and WeakHostSend parameters so that MSFT_DHCPClient, MSFT_WeakHostReceive, MSFT_WeakHostSend can be deprecated – fixes Issue 360.
  • MSFT_DhcpClient:
    • BREAKING CHANGE: Resource has been deprecated and replaced by Dhcp parameter in MSFT_NetIPInterface.
  • MSFT_WeakHostReceive:
    • BREAKING CHANGE: Resource has been deprecated and replaced by WeakHostReceive parameter in MSFT_NetIPInterface.
  • MSFT_WeakHostSend:
    • BREAKING CHANGE: Resource has been deprecated and replaced by WeakHostSend parameter in MSFT_NetIPInterface.
  • MSFT_IPAddress:
    • Updated examples to use NetIPInterface.
  • MSFT_NetAdapterName:
    • Updated examples to use NetIPInterface.
  • MSFT_DnsServerAddress:
    • Updated examples to use NetIPInterface.
  • MSFT_NetworkTeam:
    • Change Get-TargetResource to return actual TeamMembers if network team exists and “Ensure” returns “Present” even when actual TeamMembers do not match “TeamMembers” parameter – fixes Issue 342.
  • Updated examples to format required for publishing to PowerShell Gallery – fixes Issue 374.
  • MSFT_NetAdapterAdvancedProperty:
  • Fixes NetworkAdapterName being returned in Name property when calling Get-TargetResourceFixes – fixes Issue 370.
PSDscResources 2.10.0.0
  • Fixed CompanyName typo – Fixes Issue 100
  • Update LICENSE file to match the Microsoft Open Source Team standard – Fixes Issue 120.
  • Update CommonResourceHelper unit tests to meet Pester 4.0.0 standards (issue 129).
  • Update ResourceHelper unit tests to meet Pester 4.0.0 standards (issue 129).
  • Ported fixes from xPSDesiredStateConfiguration:
    • xArchive
      • Fix end-to-end tests.
      • Update integration tests to meet Pester 4.0.0 standards.
      • Update end-to-end tests to meet Pester 4.0.0 standards.
      • Update unit and integration tests to meet Pester 4.0.0 standards.
      • Wrapped all path and identifier strings in verbose messages with quotes to make it easier to identify the limit of the string when debugging.
      • Refactored date/time checksum code to improve testability and ensure tests can run on machines with localized datetime formats that are not US.
      • Fix “Get-ArchiveEntryLastWriteTime” to return [datetime].
      • Improved verbose logging to make debugging path issues easier.
  • Added .gitattributes file to ensure CRLF settings are configured correctly for the repository.
  • Updated “.vscodesettings.json” to refer to AnalyzerSettings.psd1 so that custom syntax problems are highlighted in Visual Studio Code.
  • Fixed style guideline violations in CommonResourceHelper.psm1.
  • Updated “appveyor.yml” to meet more recent standards.
  • Removed OS image version from “appveyor.yml” to use default image (Issue 127).
  • Removed code to install WMF5.1 from “appveyor.yml” because it is already installed in AppVeyor images (Issue 128).
  • Removed .vscode from .gitignore so that Visual Studio code environment settings can be committed.
  • Environment
    • Update tests to meet Pester 4.0.0 standards (issue 129).
  • Group
    • Update tests to meet Pester 4.0.0 standards (issue 129).
    • Fix unit tests to run on Nano Server.
    • Refactored unit tests to enclude Context fixtures and change functions to Describe fixtures.
  • GroupSet
    • Update tests to meet Pester 4.0.0 standards (issue 129).
SharePointDsc 3.2.0.0
  • Changes to SharePointDsc unit testing
    • Implemented Strict Mode version 1 for all code run during unit tests.
    • Changed InstallAccount into PSDscRunAsCredential parameter in examples
  • SPAuthenticationRealm
    • New resource for setting farm authentication realm
  • SPConfigWizard
    • Updated PSConfig parameters according recommendations in blog post of Stefan Gossner
  • SPDistributedCacheService
    • Fixed exception on Stop-SPServiceInstance with SharePoint 2019
  • SPFarm
    • Improved logging
    • Added ability to manage the Developer Dashboard settings
  • SPFarmSolution
    • Fixed issue where uninstalling a solution would not work as expected if it contained web application resources.
  • SPIncomingEmailSettings
    • New resource for configuring incoming email settings
  • SPInstallPrereqs
    • Improved logging
    • Corrected detection for Windows Server 2019
    • Corrected support for Windows Server 2019 for SharePoint 2016
  • SPProductUpgrade
    • Fixed issue where upgrading SP2013 would not properly detect the installed version
    • Fixed issue where the localized SharePoint 2019 CU was detected as a Service Pack for a Language Pack
  • SPSearchAuthorativePage
    • Fixed issue where modifying search query would not target the correct search application
  • SPSearchResultSource
    • Updated resource to allow localized ProviderTypes
  • SPServiceAppSecurity
    • Updated resource to allow localized permission levels
  • SPServiceInstance
    • Added -All switch to resolve ‘Unable to locate service application’ in SP2013
  • SPSite
    • Improved logging
  • SPUserProfileProperty
    • Fix user profile property mappings does not work
  • SPUserProfileServiceApp
    • Added warning message when MySiteHostLocation is not specified. This is currently not required, which results in an error. Will be corrected in SPDsc v4.0 (is a breaking change).
  • SPUserProfileSyncConnection
    • Fixed issue where test resource never would return true for any configurations on SharePoint 2016/2019
    • Fixed issue where updating existing connection never would work for any configurations on SharePoint 2016/2019
    • Updated documentation to reflect that Fore will not impact configurations for SharePoint 2016/2019. Updated the test method accordingly.
  • SPUserProfileSyncService
    • Fixed issue where failure to configure the sync service would not throw error
  • SPWebAppPeoplePickerSettings
    • Converted password for access account to secure string. Previsouly the resource would fail setting the password and an exeption was thrown that printed the password in clear text.
  • SPWebAppPolicy
    • Fixed issue where parameter MembersToExclude did not work as expected
  • SPWorkflowService
    • Added support for specifying scope name.
    • Added support for detecting incorrect configuration for scope name and WorkflowHostUri
SqlServerDsc 12.3.0.0
  • Changes to SqlServerDsc
    • Reverting the change that was made as part of the issue 1260 in the previous release, as it only mitigated the issue, it did not solve the issue.
    • Removed the container testing since that broke the integration tests, possible due to using excessive amount of memory on the AppVeyor build worker. This will make the unit tests to take a bit longer to run (issue 1260).
    • The unit tests and the integration tests are now run in two separate build workers in AppVeyor. One build worker runs the integration tests, while a second build worker runs the unit tests. The build workers runs in parallel on paid accounts, but sequentially on free accounts (issue 1260).
    • Clean up error handling in some of the integration tests that was part of a workaround for a bug in Pester. The bug is resolved, and the error handling is not again built into Pester.
    • Speeding up the AppVeyor tests by splitting the common tests in a separate build job.
    • Updated the appveyor.yml to have the correct build step, and also correct run the build step only in one of the jobs.
    • Update integration tests to use the new integration test template.
    • Added SqlAgentOperator resource.
  • Changes to SqlServiceAccount
    • Fixed Get-ServiceObject when searching for Integration Services service. Unlike the rest of SQL Server services, the Integration Services service cannot be instanced, however you can have multiple versions installed. Get-Service object would return the correct service name that you are looking for, but it appends the version number at the end. Added parameter VersionNumber so the search would return the correct service name.
    • Added code to allow for using Managed Service Accounts.
    • Now the correct service type string value is returned by the function Get-TargetResource. Previously one value was passed in as a parameter (e.g. DatabaseEngine), but a different string value as returned (e.g. SqlServer). Now Get-TargetResource return the same values that can be passed as values in the parameter ServiceType (issue 981).
  • Changes to SqlServerLogin
    • Fixed issue in Test-TargetResource to valid password on disabled accounts (issue 915).
    • Now when adding a login of type SqlLogin, and the SQL Server login mode is set to "Integrated", an error is correctly thrown (issue 1179).
  • Changes to SqlSetup
    • Updated the integration test to stop the named instance while installing the other instances to mitigate issue 1260.
    • Add parameters to configure the Tempdb files during the installation of the instance. The new parameters are SqlTempdbFileCount, SqlTempdbFileSize, SqlTempdbFileGrowth, SqlTempdbLogFileSize and SqlTempdbLogFileGrowth (issue 1167).
  • Changes to SqlServerEndpoint
StorageDsc 4.5.0.0
  • Opt-in to Example publishing to PowerShell Gallery – fixes Issue 186.
  • DiskAccessPath:
    • Updated the resource to not assign a drive letter by default when adding a disk access path. Adding a Set-Partition -NoDefaultDriveLetter $NoDefaultDriveLetter block defaulting to true. When adding access paths the disks will no longer have drive letters automatically assigned on next reboot which is the desired behavior – Fixes Issue 145.
xActiveDirectory 2.24.0.0
  • Added parameter to xADDomainController to support InstallationMediaPath (issue 108).
  • Updated xADDomainController schema to be standard and provide Descriptions.
xExchange 1.27.0.0
  • Added additional parameters to the MSFT_xExchTransportService resource
  • Added additional parameters to the MSFT_xExchEcpVirtualDirectory resource
  • Added additional unit tests to the MSFT_xExchAutodiscoverVirutalDirectory resource
  • Added additional parameters to the MSFT_xExchExchangeCertificate resource
  • MSFT_xExchMailboxDatabase: Fixes issue with DataMoveReplicationConstraint parameter (401)
  • Added additional parameters and comment based help to the MSFT_xExchMailboxDatabase resource
  • Move code that sets $global:DSCMachineStatus into a dedicated helper function. Issue 407
  • Add missing parameters for xExchMailboxDatabaseCopy, adds comment based help, and adds remaining Unit tests.
xHyper-V 3.16.0.0
  • MSFT_xVMHyperV:
    • Moved localization string data to own file.
    • Fixed code styling issues.
    • Fixed bug where StartupMemory was not evaluated in Test-TargetResource.
    • Redo of abandoned PRs:
    • Fixed Get throws error when NetworkAdapters are not attached or missing properties.
xPSDesiredStateConfiguration 8.5.0.0
  • Pull server module publishing
    • Removed forced verbose logging from CreateZipFromSource, Publish-DSCModulesAndMof and Publish-MOFToPullServer as it polluted the console
  • Corrected GitHub Pull Request template to remove referral to BestPractices.MD which has been combined into StyleGuidelines.md (issue 520).
  • xWindowsOptionalFeature
    • Suppress useless verbose output from Import-Module cmdlet. (issue 453).
  • Changes to xRemoteFile
    • Corrected a resource name in the example xRemoteFile_DownloadFileConfig.ps1
  • Fix MSFT_xDSCWebService to find Microsoft.Powershell.DesiredStateConfiguration.Service.Resources.dll when server is configured with pt-BR Locales (issue 284).
  • Changes to xDSCWebService
    • Fixed an issue which prevented the removal of the IIS Application Pool created during deployment of an DSC Pull Server instance. (issue 464)
    • Fixed an issue where a Pull Server cannot be deployed on a machine when IIS Express is installed aside a full blown IIS (issue 191)
  • Update CommonResourceHelper unit tests to meet Pester 4.0.0 standards (issue 473).
  • Update ResourceHelper unit tests to meet Pester 4.0.0 standards (issue 473).
  • Update MSFT_xDSCWebService unit tests to meet Pester 4.0.0 standards (issue 473).
  • Update MSFT_xDSCWebService integration tests to meet Pester 4.0.0 standards (issue 473).
  • Refactored MSFT_xDSCWebService integration tests to meet current standards and to use Pester TestDrive.
  • xArchive
    • Fix end-to-end tests (issue 457).
    • Update integration tests to meet Pester 4.0.0 standards.
    • Update end-to-end tests to meet Pester 4.0.0 standards.
    • Update unit and integration tests to meet Pester 4.0.0 standards.
    • Wrapped all path and identifier strings in verbose messages with quotes to make it easier to identify the limit of the string when debugging.
    • Refactored date/time checksum code to improve testability and ensure tests can run on machines with localized datetime formats that are not US.
    • Fix “Get-ArchiveEntryLastWriteTime” to return [datetime] (issue 471).
    • Improved verbose logging to make debugging path issues easier.
    • Added handling for “/” as a path seperator by backporting code from PSDscResources – (issue 469).
    • Copied unit tests from PSDscResources.
    • Added .gitattributes file and removed git configuration from AppVeyor to ensure CRLF settings are configured correctly for the repository.
  • Updated “.vscodesettings.json” to refer to AnalyzerSettings.psd1 so that custom syntax problems are highlighted in Visual Studio Code.
  • Fixed style guideline violations in CommonResourceHelper.psm1.
  • Changes to xService
    • Fixes issue where Get-TargetResource or Test-TargetResource will throw an exception if the target service is configured with a non-existent dependency.
    • Refactored Get-TargetResource Unit tests.
  • Changes to xPackage
    • Fixes an issue where incorrect verbose output was displayed if product found. (issue 446)
  • Fixes files which are getting triggered for re-encoding after recent pull request (possibly 472).
  • Moves version and change history from README.MD to new file, CHANGELOG.MD.
  • Fixes markdown issues in README.MD and HighQualityResourceModulePlan.md.
  • Opted in to “Common Tests – Validate Markdown Files”
  • Changes to xPSDesiredStateConfiguration
    • In AppVeyor CI the tests are split into three separate jobs, and also run tests on two different build worker images (Windows Server 2012R2 and Windows Server 2016). The common tests are only run on the Windows Server 2016 build worker image. Helps with issue 477.
  • xGroup
    • Corrected style guideline violations. (issue 485)
  • xWindowsProcess
    • Corrected style guideline violations. (issue 496)
  • Changes to PSWSIISEndpoint.psm1
    • Fixes most PSScriptAnalyzer issues.
  • Changes to xRegistry
    • Fixed an issue that fails to remove reg key when the Key is specified as common registry path. (issue 444)
  • Changes to xService
    • Added support for Group Managed Service Accounts
  • Adds new Integration tests for MSFT_xDSCWebService and removes old Integration test file, MSFT_xDSCWebService.xxx.ps1.
  • xRegistry
    • Corrected style guideline violations. (issue 489)
  • Fix script analyzer issues in UseSecurityBestPractices.psm1. issue 483
  • Fixes script analyzer issues in xEnvironmentResource. issue 484
  • Fixes script analyzer issues in MSFT_xMsiPackage.psm1. issue 486
  • Fixes script analyzer issues in MSFT_xPackageResource.psm1. issue 487
  • Adds spaces between variable types and variables, and changes Type Accelerators to Fully Qualified Type Names on affected code.
  • Fixes script analyzer issues in MSFT_xPSSessionConfiguration.psm1 and convert Type Accelerators to Fully Qualified Type Names issue 488.
  • Adds spaces between array members.
  • Fixes script analyzer issues in MSFT_xRemoteFile.psm1 and correct general style violations. (issue 490)
  • Remove unnecessary whitespace from line endings.
  • Add statement to README.md regarding the lack of testing of this module with PowerShell 4 issue 522.
  • Fixes script analyzer issues in MSFT_xWindowsOptionalFeature.psm1 and correct general style violations. issue 494)
  • Fixes script analyzer issues in MSFT_xRemoteFile.psm1 missed from issue 490.
  • Fix script analyzer issues in MSFT_xWindowsFeature.psm1. issue 493
  • Fix script analyzer issues in MSFT_xUserResource.psm1. issue 492
  • Moves calls to set $global:DSCMachineStatus = 1 into a helper function to reduce the number of locations where we need to suppress PSScriptAnalyzer rules PSAvoidGlobalVars and PSUseDeclaredVarsMoreThanAssignments.
  • Adds spaces between comment hashtags and comments.
  • Fixes script analyzer issues in MSFT_xServiceResource.psm1. issue 491
  • Fixes script analyzer issues in MSFT_xWindowsPackageCab.psm1. issue 495
  • xFileUpload:
    • Fixes script analyzer issues in xFileUpload.schema.psm1. issue 497
    • Update to meet style guidelines.
    • Added Integration tests.
    • Updated manifest Author, Company and Copyright to match standards.
  • Updated module manifest Copyright to match standards and remove year.
  • Auto-formatted the module manifest to improve layout.
  • Fix Run-On Words in README.md.
  • Changes to xPackage
    • Fix an misnamed variable that causes an error during error message output. issue 449)
  • Fixes script analyzer issues in MSFT_xPSSessionConfiguration.psm1. issue 566
  • Fixes script analyzer issues in xGroupSet.schema.psm1. issue 498
  • Fixes script analyzer issues in xProcessSet.schema.psm1. issue 499
  • Fixes script analyzer issues in xServiceSet.schema.psm1. issue 500
  • Fixes script analyzer issues in xWindowsFeatureSet.schema.psm1. issue 501
  • Fixes script analyzer issues in xWindowsOptionalFeatureSet.schema.psm1 issue 502
  • Updates Should statements in Pester tests to use dashes before parameters.
  • Added a CODE_OF_CONDUCT.md with the same content as in the README.md issue 562
  • Replaces Type Accelerators with fully qualified type names.
xWebAdministration 2.5.0.0
  • Added SiteId to xWebSite to address [396]
  • xWebSite: Full path is used to get list of default documents
  • xIISLogging: Added support for LogTargetW3C
  • xWebsite: Added support for LogTargetW3C

How to Find Released DSC Resource Modules

To see a list of all released DSC Resource Kit modules, go to the PowerShell Gallery and display all modules tagged as DSCResourceKit. You can also enter a module’s name in the search box in the upper right corner of the PowerShell Gallery to find a specific module.

Of course, you can also always use PowerShellGet (available starting in WMF 5.0) to find modules with DSC Resources:

<span class="pl-c"><span class="pl-c">#</span> To list all modules that tagged as DSCResourceKit</span>
<span class="pl-c1">Find-Module</span> <span class="pl-k">-</span>Tag DSCResourceKit 
<span class="pl-c"><span class="pl-c">#</span> To list all DSC resources from all sources </span>
<span class="pl-c1">Find-DscResource</span>

Please note only those modules released by the PowerShell Team are currently considered part of the ‘DSC Resource Kit’ regardless of the presence of the ‘DSC Resource Kit’ tag in the PowerShell Gallery.

To find a specific module, go directly to its URL on the PowerShell Gallery:
http://www.powershellgallery.com/packages/< module name >
For example:
http://www.powershellgallery.com/packages/xWebAdministration

How to Install DSC Resource Modules From the PowerShell Gallery

We recommend that you use PowerShellGet to install DSC resource modules:

<span class="pl-c1">Install-Module</span> <span class="pl-k">-</span>Name <span class="pl-k">&lt;</span> module name <span class="pl-k">&gt;</span>

For example:

<span class="pl-c1">Install-Module</span> <span class="pl-k">-</span>Name xWebAdministration

To update all previously installed modules at once, open an elevated PowerShell prompt and use this command:

<span class="pl-c1">Update-Module</span>

After installing modules, you can discover all DSC resources available to your local system with this command:

<span class="pl-c1">Get-DscResource</span>

How to Find DSC Resource Modules on GitHub

All resource modules in the DSC Resource Kit are available open-source on GitHub.
You can see the most recent state of a resource module by visiting its GitHub page at:
https://github.com/PowerShell/< module name >
For example, for the CertificateDsc module, go to:
https://github.com/PowerShell/CertificateDsc.

All DSC modules are also listed as submodules of the DscResources repository in the DscResources folder and the xDscResources folder.

How to Contribute

You are more than welcome to contribute to the development of the DSC Resource Kit! There are several different ways you can help. You can create new DSC resources or modules, add test automation, improve documentation, fix existing issues, or open new ones.
See our contributing guide for more info on how to become a DSC Resource Kit contributor.

If you would like to help, please take a look at the list of open issues for the DscResources repository.
You can also check issues for specific resource modules by going to:
https://github.com/PowerShell/< module name >/issues
For example:
https://github.com/PowerShell/xPSDesiredStateConfiguration/issues

Your help in developing the DSC Resource Kit is invaluable to us!

Questions, comments?

If you’re looking into using PowerShell DSC, have questions or issues with a current resource, or would like a new resource, let us know in the comments below, on Twitter (@PowerShell_Team), or by creating an issue on GitHub.

Katie Kragenbrink
Software Engineer
PowerShell DSC Team
@katiedsc (Twitter)
@kwirkykat (GitHub)

The post DSC Resource Kit Release February 2019 appeared first on PowerShell.

Podcast #299: February 2019 Updates

This post was originally published on this site

Simon guides you through lots of new features, services and capabilities that you can take advantage of. Including the new AWS Backup service, more powerful GPU capabilities, new SLAs and much, much more!

Chapters:

Service Level Agreements 0:17
Storage 0:57
Media Services 5:08
Developer Tools 6:17
Analytics 9:54
AI/ML 12:07
Database 14:47
Networking & Content Delivery 17:32
Compute 19:02
Solutions 21:57
Business Applications 23:38
AWS Cost Management 25:07
Migration & Transfer 25:39
Application Integration 26:07
Management & Governance 26:32
End User Computing 29:22

Additional Resources

Topic || Service Level Agreements 0:17

Topic || Storage 0:57

Topic || Media Services 5:08

Topic || Developer Tools 6:17

Topic || Analytics 9:54

Topic || AI/ML 12:07

Topic || Database 14:47

Topic || Networking and Content Delivery 17:32

Topic || Compute 19:02

Topic || Solutions 21:57

Topic || Business Applications 23:38

Topic || AWS Cost Management 25:07

Topic || Migration and Transfer 25:39

Topic || Application Integration 26:07

Topic || Management and Governance 26:32

Topic || End User Computing 29:22

About the AWS Podcast

The AWS Podcast is a cloud platform podcast for developers, dev ops, and cloud professionals seeking the latest news and trends in storage, security, infrastructure, serverless, and more. Join Simon Elisha and Jeff Barr for regular updates, deep dives and interviews. Whether you’re building machine learning and AI models, open source projects, or hybrid cloud solutions, the AWS Podcast has something for you. Subscribe with one of the following:

Like the Podcast?

Rate us on iTunes and send your suggestions, show ideas, and comments to awspodcast@amazon.com. We want to hear from you!

Now Available – Five New Amazon EC2 Bare Metal Instances: M5, M5d, R5, R5d, and z1d

This post was originally published on this site

Today we are launching the five new EC2 bare metal instances that I promised you a few months ago. Your operating system runs on the underlying hardware and has direct access to the processor and other hardware. The instances are powered by AWS-custom Intel® Xeon® Scalable Processor (Skylake) processors that deliver sustained all-core Turbo performance.

Here are the specs:

Instance Name Sustained All-Core Turbo
Logical Processors Memory Local Storage EBS-Optimized Bandwidth Network Bandwidth
m5.metal Up to 3.1 GHz 96 384 GiB 14 Gbps 25 Gbps
m5d.metal Up to 3.1 GHz 96 384 GiB 4 x 900 GB NVMe SSD 14 Gbps 25 Gbps
r5.metal Up to 3.1 GHz 96 768 GiB 14 Gbps 25 Gbps
r5d.metal Up to 3.1 GHz 96 768 GiB 4 x 900 GB NVMe SSD 14 Gbps 25 Gbps
z1d.metal Up to 4.0 GHz 48 384 GiB 2 x 900 GB NVMe SSD 14 Gbps 25 Gbps

The M5 instances are designed for general-purpose workloads, such as web and application servers, gaming servers, caching fleets, and app development environments. The R5 instances are designed for high performance databases, web scale in-memory caches, mid-sized in-memory databases, real-time big data analytics, and other memory-intensive enterprise applications. The M5d and R5d variants also include 3.6 TB of local NVMe SSD storage.

z1d instances provide high compute performance and lots of memory, making them ideal for electronic design automation (EDA) and relational databases with high per-core licensing costs. The high CPU performance allows you to license fewer cores and significantly reduce your TCO for Oracle or SQL Server workloads.

All of the instances are powered by the AWS Nitro System, with dedicated hardware accelerators for EBS processing (including crypto operations), the software-defined network inside of each Virtual Private Cloud (VPC), ENA networking, and access to the local NVMe storage on the M5d, R5d, and z1d instances. Bare metal instances can also take advantage of Elastic Load Balancing, Auto Scaling, Amazon CloudWatch, and other AWS services.

In addition to being a great home for old-school applications and system software that are licensed specifically and exclusively for use on physical, non-virtualized hardware, bare metal instances can be used to run tools and applications that require access to low-level processor features such as performance counters. For example, Mozilla’s Record and Replay Framework (rr) records and replays program execution with low overhead, using the performance counters to measure application performance and to deliver signals and context-switch events with high fidelity. You can read their paper, Engineering Record And Replay For Deployability, to learn more.

Launch One Today
m5.metal instances are available in the US East (N. Virginia and Ohio), US West (N. California and Oregon), Europe (Frankfurt, Ireland, London, Paris, and Stockholm), and Asia Pacific (Mumbai, Seoul, Singapore, Sydney, and Tokyo) AWS regions.

m5d.metal instances are available in the US East (N. Virginia and Ohio), US West (Oregon), Europe (Frankfurt, Ireland, Paris, and Stockholm), and Asia Pacific (Mumbai, Seoul, Singapore, and Sydney) AWS regions.

r5.metal instances are available in the US East (N. Virginia and Ohio), US West (N. California and Oregon), Europe (Frankfurt, Ireland, Paris, and Stockholm), Asia Pacific (Mumbai, Seoul, and Singapore), and AWS GovCloud (US-West) AWS regions.

r5d.metal instances are available in the US East (N. Virginia and Ohio), US West (N. California), Europe (Frankfurt, Paris, and Stockholm), Asia Pacific (Mumbai, Seoul, and Singapore), and AWS GovCloud (US-West) AWS regions.

z1d.metal instances are available in the US East (N. Virginia), US West (N. California and Oregon), Europe (Ireland), and Asia Pacific (Singapore and Tokyo) AWS regions.

The bare metal instances will become available in even more AWS regions as soon as possible.

Jeff;

 

New – Infrequent Access Storage Class for Amazon Elastic File System (EFS)

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Amazon Elastic File System lets you create petabyte-scale file systems that can be accessed in massively parallel fashion from hundreds or thousands of EC2 instances and on-premises servers, while scaling on demand without disrupting applications. Since the mid-2016 launch of EFS, we have added many new features including encryption of data at rest and in transit, a provisioned throughput option when you need high throughput access to a set of files that do not occupy a lot of space, on-premises access via AWS Direct Connect, EFS File Sync, support for AWS VPN and Inter-Region VPC Peering, and more.

Infrequent Access Storage Class
Today I would like to tell you about the new Amazon EFS Infrequent Access storage class, as pre-announced at AWS re:Invent. As part of a new Lifecycle Management option for EFS file systems, you can now indicate that you want to move files that have not been accessed in the last 30 days to a storage class that is 85% less expensive. You can enable the use of Lifecycle Management when you create a new EFS file system, and you can enable it later for file systems that were created on or after today’s launch.

The new storage class is totally transparent. You can still access your files as needed and in the usual way, with no code or operational changes necessary.

You can use the Infrequent Access storage class to meet auditing and retention requirements, create nearline backups that can be recovered using normal file operations, and to keep data close at hand that you need on an occasional basis.

Here are a couple of things to keep in mind:

Eligible Files – Files that are 128 KiB or larger and that have not been accessed or modified for at least 30 days can be transitioned to the new storage class. Modifications to a file’s metadata that do not change the file will not delay a transition.

Priority – Operations that transition files to Infrequent Access run at a lower priority than other operations on the file system.

Throughput – If your file system is configured for Bursting mode, the amount of Standard storage determines the throughput. Otherwise, the provisioned throughput applies.

Enabling Lifecycle Management
You can enable Lifecycle Management and benefit from the Infrequent Access storage class with one click:

As I noted earlier, you can check this when you create the file system, or you can enable it later for file systems that you create from now on.

Files that have not been read or written for 30 days will be transitioned to the Infrequent Access storage class with no further action on your part. Files in the Standard Access class can be accessed with latency measured in single-digit milliseconds; files in the Infrequent Access class have latency in the double-digits. Your next AWS bill will include information on your use of both storage classes, so that you can see your cost savings.

Available Now
This feature is available now and you can start using it today in all AWS Regions where EFS is available. Infrequent Access storage is billed at $0.045 per GB/Month in US East (N. Virginia), with correspondingly low pricing in other regions. There’s also a data transfer charge of $0.01 per GB for reads and writes to Infrequent Access storage.

Like every AWS service and feature, we are launching with an initial set of features and a really strong roadmap! For example, we are working on additional lifecycle management flexibility, and would be very interested in learning more about what kinds of times and rules you would like.

Jeff;

PS – AWS DataSync will help you to quickly and easily automate data transfer between your existing on-premises storage and EFS.

6.5 U2 – Install on HP DL360 G10

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I am looking to do a fresh install of 6.5 U2 on a HP DL360 G10 Server.  I have downloaded the customized iso for this server and have created a bootable USB using Rufus.  I used MBR partition scheme for UEFI and FAT32.  These are the settings I have used in the past on other servers.

However, while going through the install, it keeps hanging at 75%.  Once it gets to 75% in errors out with “errno2 No Such File or Directory”.  This occurs with the customized iso for HP as well as the standard iso for 6.5.  I have tried different USB’s and have disabled the secure boot option in the BIOS. 

 

Any help or suggestions is appreciated.

New ESXI Host, no management connectivity

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I have been trying to figure this out but so far, not able to. this is brand new, never connected to vcenter or anything yet.

 

Set management network to use all 4 on board 1GB NIC’s, ( I have a fiber network as well as a SANS 10GB also)

 

I set the ip, subnet, GW and DNS, the NICS note they are connected. also there is activity on the NICs on the back of the server.

 

I have been looking at the switch ( consulted my network admin) and I can not find any activity on the ports the network cables on the switch.

 

I have contacted the Server manufacturer and they sent a tech with a new motherboard and that didnt do anything.

 

Ideas?

Podcast #297: Reinforcement Learning with AWS DeepRacer

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How are ML Models Trained? How can developers learn different approaches to solving business problems? How can we race model cars on a global scale? Todd Escalona (Solutions Architect Evangelist, AWS) joins Simon to dive into reinforcement learning and AWS DeepRacer!

Additional Resources

About the AWS Podcast

The AWS Podcast is a cloud platform podcast for developers, dev ops, and cloud professionals seeking the latest news and trends in storage, security, infrastructure, serverless, and more. Join Simon Elisha and Jeff Barr for regular updates, deep dives and interviews. Whether you’re building machine learning and AI models, open source projects, or hybrid cloud solutions, the AWS Podcast has something for you. Subscribe with one of the following:

Like the Podcast?

Rate us on iTunes and send your suggestions, show ideas, and comments to awspodcast@amazon.com. We want to hear from you!

Podcast 296: [Public Sector Special Series #5] – Creating Better Educational Outcomes Using AWS | February 6, 2019

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Cesar Wedemann (QEDU) talks to Simon about how they gather Education data and provide this data to teachers and public schools to improve education in Brazil. They developed a free-access portal that offers easy visualization of brazilian Education open data.

Additional Resources

About the AWS Podcast

The AWS Podcast is a cloud platform podcast for developers, dev ops, and cloud professionals seeking the latest news and trends in storage, security, infrastructure, serverless, and more. Join Simon Elisha and Jeff Barr for regular updates, deep dives and interviews. Whether you’re building machine learning and AI models, open source projects, or hybrid cloud solutions, the AWS Podcast has something for you. Subscribe with one of the following:

Like the Podcast?

Rate us on iTunes and send your suggestions, show ideas, and comments to awspodcast@amazon.com. We want to hear from you!